For individuals living with diabetes, proper foot care is essential to prevent complications that can arise from diabetes. Diabetes can lead to nerve damage (neuropathy) and reduced blood flow to the feet, making it challenging for diabetics to sense pain, temperature changes, or even injuries. Small wounds or injuries can go unnoticed and worsen over time, potentially leading to severe infections or ulcers. Regular foot inspections can help you catch these issues early, allowing for timely intervention and preventing serious complications. 

At Third Coast Foot and Ankle, we understand the importance of foot inspections for diabetics. In this guide, we’ll explore the significance of daily inspections, what to look for, and valuable tips for maintaining optimal foot health.

The Importance of Daily Inspections:

Diabetes affects the blood vessels and nerves, particularly those that supply the feet. As a result, diabetics may experience reduced sensitivity in their feet, making it difficult to detect injuries or changes in the foot’s condition. Daily foot inspections are a fundamental aspect of diabetic foot care as they help diabetics become more aware of their foot health and catch potential issues early.

By Making Foot Inspections a Part of Your Daily Routine, You Can:

  • Detect Problems Early: Regular foot inspections enable you to identify any cuts, blisters, sores, or other abnormalities that may go unnoticed due to reduced sensation.
  • Prevent Complications: Early detection of foot issues allows for timely intervention, preventing minor problems from escalating into serious complications like infections or diabetic foot ulcers.
  • Improve Foot Health: By being proactive in monitoring your feet, you can take steps to maintain good foot health, reducing the risk of infections and promoting overall well-being.

What to Look for During a Daily Inspection:

When performing a daily foot inspection, pay close attention to the following areas:

  • Cuts: Examine the skin on the top and bottom of your feet for any cuts or wounds, no matter how small. Even minor cuts can become infected if left untreated.
  • Blisters: Check for blisters, especially between the toes or on the soles of your feet. Diabetic skin is more vulnerable to developing blisters that can lead to infections.
  • Redness: Look for areas of redness, as it may indicate skin irritation, friction, or an early sign of infection.
  • Swelling: Check for any swelling, particularly around the ankles or feet, as it may be a sign of poor circulation.
  • Nail Problems: Inspect your toenails for ingrown nails, infections, or any abnormalities.

If you encounter any of these issues during your inspection, it’s crucial to take immediate action and consult with our podiatrists for proper evaluation and treatment.

Girl touching feet on white background

Tips to Use During Inspection:

To ensure a thorough and effective foot inspection, consider the following tips:

  • Use a Good Light Source: Ensure you have ample lighting to examine your feet thoroughly. Good lighting can help you spot any issues more effectively.
  • Use a Magnifying Hand Mirror: Use a magnifying hand mirror to check every inch of your feet, including the soles, heels, and between the toes. This will allow you to get a closer look at hard-to-reach areas.
  • Take Your Time: Perform the inspection in a calm and focused manner. Be patient and meticulous during the examination to ensure nothing is overlooked.
  • Call Our Podiatrists if You Notice Anything: If you identify any cuts, sores, or abnormalities during the inspection, do not hesitate to contact our office. Early intervention is crucial for preventing complications.

Other Tips for Diabetic Foot Care:

In addition to daily inspections, following these foot care tips can further protect your feet and reduce the risk of complications:

  • Bathe Feet in Lukewarm, Never Hot Water: Hot water can cause burns and damage your skin. Use lukewarm water to wash your feet and avoid soaking them for prolonged periods.
  • Be Gentle When Bathing Your Feet: Avoid scrubbing your feet vigorously, as this can cause skin damage.
  • Moisturize Daily But Never Between the Toes: Moisturize your feet daily to prevent dryness and cracking. However, avoid applying lotion between the toes, as excess moisture can lead to fungal infections.
  • Cut Nails Carefully: Trim your toenails straight across, and avoid cutting them too short or rounding the corners, which can cause ingrown toenails.
  • Never Treat Corns or Calluses Yourself: Seek professional treatment from our podiatrists for safe and proper removal.
  • Wear Clean, Dry Socks: Change your socks daily, and ensure they are clean and dry to prevent fungal infections.
  • Check Out Your Shoes: Inspect your shoes for any foreign objects or debris that may cause irritation or injury to your feet.
  • Keep Your Feet Warm and Dry: In cold weather, wear warm socks and appropriate footwear to keep your feet insulated.
  • Consider Using Antiperspirant on Your Feet: If you experience excessive sweating, antiperspirants can help keep your feet dry and reduce the risk of fungal infections.
  • Never Walk Barefoot: Avoid walking barefoot, even indoors, to protect your feet from injuries and infections.
  • Take Care of Diabetes: Properly manage your diabetes with the guidance of your healthcare provider to prevent complications.
  • Do Not Smoke: Smoking can impair blood flow and delay wound healing. Quit smoking to promote better foot health.
  • Get Periodic Foot Exams: Regular visits to one of our offices for comprehensive foot exams can help monitor your foot health and identify any potential issues early.

As a diabetic, daily foot inspections are a crucial aspect of maintaining optimal foot health and preventing complications. By inspecting your feet regularly, you can catch any issues early and seek prompt medical attention. Remember to use good lighting and a magnifying hand mirror to thoroughly examine your feet. In addition to inspections, follow these foot care tips to protect your feet and reduce the risk of infections and injuries. 

If you notice any abnormalities during your foot inspection, don’t hesitate to contact one of our offices for expert care and guidance. Your feet play a vital role in your overall. Contact Third Coast Foot and Ankle today to get started on the right path with your feet if you suffer from diabetes.